Henna bridal traditions, Henna as a Business and Bibliography

Henna bridal traditions, Henna as a Business and Bibliography

Henna bridal traditions

Henna is  regarded as having “Barakah,” blessings, and was traditionally applied for luck as well celebration and beauty (Westermarck, 1926). Today the trend of “Bridal Mehndi” continues in areas where henna grows and where diasporas from such countries settle. As henna powder production improves, patterns become more complex and elaborate.  Many brides also choose to have their henna patterns accentuated with glitter, gilding, stick on jewels.

Henna as a Business

Traditionally, in India, henna artists were attributed to the Nai caste, and in other countries, attributed to the barbering castes (lower social classes). However, nowadays, talented henna artists are in high demand and can command high fees and kudos for their work. In some countries where female employment is discouraged, women can work together in the socially acceptable business of henna, decorating customers for Eids, Diwali and Karva Chauth, as well as  providing services to large weddings where guests as well as the bride and groom. will be hennaed.


  • Singh, M., Jindal, S. K., & Singh, D. (2005). “Natural Variability, Propagation, Phenology and Reproductive Biology of Henna”. Henna: Cultivation, Improvement, and Trade. Jodhpur: Central Arid Zone Research Institute. pp. 13–18. OCLC 124036118
  • Auboyer, Jeannine (2002) [1961]. Daily life in ancient India: from 200 BC to 700 AD. London: Phoenix. ISBN 978-1-84212-591-5. OCLC 50577157.
  • Fletcher R. (1992). Moorish Spain. New York City: Henry Holt and Company. ISBN 978-0-8050-2395-4. OCLC 25834208
  • Bryan, Cyril P.; G. Elliot Smith (1974) [1930]. Ancient Egyptian medicine: the Papyrus Ebers. Chicago: Ares Publishers. ISBN 978-0-89005-004-0. OCLC 247258585
  • Ibn Qayyim al-Jawzīyah, Muhammad ibn Abī Bakr (1998). Medicine of the prophet. trans. Penelope Johnstone. Cambridge: Islamic Texts Society. ISBN 978-0-946621-19-4. OCLC 40907417
  • Sherrow, Victoria (2006). Encyclopedia of Hair: A Cultural History. Greenwood. pp. 206–207. ISBN ISBN 0313331456 ISBN 978-0313331459
  • Doumas, Christos (1992). The wall-paintings of Thera. Athens: Thera Foundation. ISBN 978-960-220-274-6. OCLC 30069766
  • Brauer, Erich; Raphael Patai (1993). The Jews of Kurdistan. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0-8143-2392-2. OCLC 27266639
  • Westermarck, Edward (1972) [1914]. Marriage ceremonies in Morocco. London: Curzon Press. ISBN 978-0-87471-089-2. OCLC 633323
  • Hammoudi, Abdellah (1993). The victim and its masks: an essay on sacrifice and masquerade in the Maghreb. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-31525-6. OCLC 27265476
  • Saksena, Jogendra (1979). Art of Rajasthan: Henna and Floor Decorations. Delhi: Sundeep. OCLC 7219114
  • Westermarck, E. (1926). Ritual and Belief in Morocco Vols 1 & 2. London, UK: Macmillan and Company, Limited.

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